There are some answers:
To be in the cloud.
- Use the newest frameworks (or tools)
- Use fresh/young/trendy programming languages
- Do microservices
Those statements can be enclosed in the already existing acronym: MACH.
M – microservices
A – API first
C – cloud-native
H – headless
MACH is currently a standard for modern e-commerce architecture.
Let’s review quickly what all these statements mean.
Microservices: software architecture consisting in building small applications enclosing, as a rule, single functionality (domain).
Api first: Application design starts from description of its API instead of concrete implementation. In that way, users (other app) of our application can start implementing communication between us earlier.
Cloud native: Design and implementation of applications to be ready to run in a cloud environment. This involves coping with many challenges like security, resiliency, observability and many more.
Headless: User interface and backend are separated from each other. Both are independent and communicate with well defined interfaces.