How IoT development differs from regular software projects.
IoT software development involves working with a broader range of devices, handling unique communication and security challenges, and accommodating resource constraints and real-time requirements.
Scope of Devices and Platforms: IoT software development targets a diverse range of devices, including embedded systems, sensors, actuators, smart appliances, wearables, industrial machines, and other “things” connected to the internet.
Communication and Protocols: IoT software development involves various communication protocols designed to suit the constraints of IoT devices, such as MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport), CoAP (Constrained Application Protocol), and LoRaWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network).
Data Handling and Processing: IoT software development needs to take into account resource-constrained devices with limited processing power, memory, and energy. Often, IoT applications perform data processing at the edge (near the device) to reduce latency and bandwidth usage.
Security Concerns: IoT software development faces unique security challenges, including device authentication, secure communication between devices, data encryption, and protection against physical attacks on devices.
Real-time and Latency Considerations: Many IoT applications, such as smart grids or autonomous vehicles, demand real-time responsiveness and extremely low latency to function effectively.
Device Heterogeneity: IoT software development must accommodate a wide range of devices from different manufacturers, running on various operating systems, and may even have custom hardware components.
Power Management: In IoT software development, power management is critical since many IoT devices are battery-powered or have limited access to power sources, requiring efficiency in energy consumption.
Physical World Interaction: IoT software development connects with and controls the physical world through sensors and actuators, enabling real-world automation and interactions.